Activities / Teaching Resources
Life Size Printout
Adult Homo sapiens
Juvenile Homo sapiens
9-Piece Scramble Puzzles

Scramble puzzles consist of 9 square pieces that print on one sheet of paper. Simple cut out the pieces, scramble, and reassemble. Printing on heavy cardstock is recommended, but regular printer paper will work as well. These puzzles are an excellent resources for all skill levels.

Prosimian Skulls
Anthropoidea Skulls
Hominoidea Skulls
Human Skeletal Anatomy
Elementary School
Them Bones (mp3)

Them Bones \nEzekiel cried, "Them bones!"\nEzekiel cried, "Them dry bones!"\nEzekiel cried, "Them bones!"\nSo hear me when I say:\n*\nThe foot-bone connects to the ankle-bone.\nThe ankle-bone connects to the leg-bone.\nThe leg-bone connects to the knee-bone.\nNow hear me when I say:\n*\nThem bones, them bones\nGonna jump around\nThem bones, them bones\nGonna jump around\nThem bones, them bones\nGonna jump around\nSo hear me when I say:\n*\nThe knee-bone connects to the thigh-bone.\nThe thigh-bone connects to the hip-bone.\nThe hip-bone connects to the back-bone.\nNow here me when I say:\n*\nThem bones, them bones\nGonna dance around\nThem bones, them bones\nGonna dance around\nThem bones, them bones\nGonna dance around\nNow hear me when I say:\n*\nThe back-bone connects to the shoulder-bone.\nThe shoulder-bone connects to the neck-bone.\nThe neck-bone connects to the head-bone.\nNow hear me when I say:\n*\nThem bones, them bones\nGonna twirl around\nThem bones, them bones\nGonna twirl around\nThem bones, them bones\nGonna twirl around\nNow hear me when I say:\n*\nEzekiel cried, "Them bones!"\nEzekiel cried, "Them dry bones!"\nEzekiel cried, "Them bones!"\nNow hear me when I say,\nOh hear me when I say.\n. . . . . . . . . . .\nRecorded by Dianne Christensen (singer), Jeffery Lee Davis, and Eileen Hemphill-Haley. All rights reserved.

Outside Links
General Science
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
Animal Diversity Web: The University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Tree of Life Web Project
Duke University Primate Center
Primate Photo Gallery
Taxa Information
Squirrel Monkey
The Bonobo Conservation Initiative
Orangutan Foundation International
Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund
World Wildlife fund
Lemur Conservation Foundation
Animal Wildlife and Conservation
Center for Orangutan and Chimpanzee Conservation
Jane Goodall Institute
eSkeletons in the News
National Science Foundation July 2004: eSkeletons: The Hip Bone's Connected to the... Web Bone
D-Lib Magazine Sept 1999: The Digital Library as a Platform for Studying Anatomical Form and Function
MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
Anderton JC

1988. Anomalies and atavisms in appendicular myology. In: J. Schwartz, Editor, Orang-utan Biology. New York: Oxford University Press. p 331-345

Anemone RL

1993. The functional anatomy of the hip and thigh in primates. In: D. L. Gebo, Editor, Postcranial Adaptation in Nonhuman Primates. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press.

1988. The functional morphology of the prosimian hindlimb: Some correlates between anatomy and positional behavior. PhD dissertation, University of Washington.

Ashley-Montagu MF

1937. The premaxilla in primates. Quarterly Review of Biology 10;32-59, 181-208

Bass WM

1995. Human Osteology: A Laboratory and Field Manual. 4th ed. Columbia: Special Publication No. 2 of the Missouri Archaeological Society.

Curtis D

1995. Functional anatomy of the trunk musculature in the slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). Am J Phys Anthropol 97:367-379.

Harris EE

2000. Molecular systematics of the Old World monkey tribe Papionini: analysis of the total available genetic sequences. J Hum Evol 38:235-256

Hill WCO

1960. Primates. Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy IV Cebidae, Part A. Edinburgh: The Edinburgh University Press.

Jouffroy FK

1975. Osteology and myology of the lemuriform postcranial skeleton. In: Tattersall I, Sussman RW, editors. Lemur biology. New York: Plenum Press. 149-192

Masters JC, Boniotto M, Crovella S, roos C, Pozzi L, and Delpero M

2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the Lorisoidea as indicated by craniodental morphology and mitochondrial sequence data. Am. J. Primatol 69:6-15

Matsui A, Rakotondraparany F, Munechika I, Hasegawa M, and Horai S

2009. Molecular phylogeny and evolution of prosimians based on complete sequences of mitochondrial DNAs. Gene 441:53-66

Pastorini J, Martin RD, Ehresmann P, Zimmermann E, and Forstner MR

2001. Molecular phylogeny of the Lemur family Cheirogaleidae (Primates) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 19(1):45-56

Roos C, Schmitz J, and Zischler H

2004. primate jumpting genes elucidate strepsirrhine phylogeny. PNAS 101(29):10650-10654

Schneider H, Sampaio I, Harada ML, Barroso CML, Schneider MPC, Czelusniak J, and Goodman M

1996. Molecular phylogeny of the New World monkeys (Platyrrhini, Primates) based on two unlinked nuclear genes: IRBP intron 1 and E-globin sequences. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 100 (1996):153-179

Schwartz JH

1995. Skeleton Keys: An introduction to the human skeletal morphology, development and analysis. New York: Oxford University Press.

Shapiro, L

1993. Functional Morphology of the Vertebral Column in Primates. In: Gebo DL editor. Postcranial Adapations in Nonhuman Primates. DeKalb: Northern Illionoi University Press. p 121-149

Steele DG and Bramblett CA

1988. The Anatomy and Biology of the Human Skeleton. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.

Sterner KN, Raaum RL, Zhang Y, Stewart C, Disotell TR

2006. Mitochondrial data support and odd-nosed colobine clade. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40:1-7

Swindler DR and Wood CD

1973. An Atlas of Primate Gross Anatomy: Baboon, Chimpanzee and Man. Seattle:Univ. of Washington Press.

White TD and Folkens PA

2000. Human Osteology. 2nd ed. San Diego: Academic Press.

Whittaker DJ, Morales JC, Melnick DJ

2007. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45:620-628

Whittaker DJ, Ting N, and Melnick DJ

2006. Molecular phylogenetic affinities of the simakobu monkey (Simias concolor). Molecular phylogenetics and Evolution 39:887-892

Wildman ED, jameson NM, Opazo JC, YI SV

In Press: A fully resolved genus level phylogeny of neotropical primates (Platyrrhini). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. (2009) doi: 10.10106/j/ympev.2009.07.019

Winkler LA

1991. Morphology and variability of masticatory structures in the orangutan. Int. J. Primatol 12(1):45-65.

Woollard HH

1925. The anatomy of Tarsius spectrum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1071-1185.

Xing J, Wang H, Han K, Ray DA, Huang CH, Chemnick LG, Stewart C, Disotell TR, Ryder OA, and Batzer MA

2005. A mobile element based phylogeny of Old World monkeys. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37:875-880